The Sphinx and the Zodiac at Esneh

According to British geologist, Colin Reader, for much of its history the head of the Sphinx had been exposed to the elements while the body lay buried, so the head should show the greater degradation, but does not. Reader concluded that the head had been reduced in size long after its initial sculpting.7 Looking at the Sphinx, it is at once recognized that the head and the body are markedly out of proportion―the head being fully 50 to 67 percent the size necessary for proper scale and compatibility with the body. This disparity is apparent in the photograph, “Sphinx,” and more so in the photographs on the back cover of this book.



Presuming that the proportions were anatomically correct in the original carving of the Sphinx supposes that the head had been recarved, and so reduced in size, but from what original image? A telling sign is found in the reading of a zodiac located in a temple at Esneh, Egypt, which pictures a sphinx positioned between the constellations of Virgo and Leo. This theme of woman and lion in the heavens echoes to an image and cosmology derivative of the Egyptian original―the sphinx of Greek mythology, which figure had a winged lioness’s body and the head of a woman. If at its original sculpting, as the later Greek semblance suggests, the head of the Sphinx at Giza had been female, could this help us in understanding its purpose and meaning?

The image of the lion in the constellation Leo is adjacent to, but facing away from that of the woman in the constellation Virgo. In Leo’s hip there is a star named Sarcum, which in Hebrew holds the meaning of “the joining.” The word “joining” is “to bring together,” implying “a meeting end-to-end.” The word “sphinx” is of Greek etymology, which translates literally as “strangler” from the root “sphingein” meaning “to bind tight,” and is as well said to mean “to bind closely together, or to be joined.”8 The idea of the Sphinx joining Virgo and Leo is demonstrated in the Esneh Zodiac, where a sphinx is positioned between these two constellations as is illustrated in the drawing, “Esneh Zodiac in Spherical Form.” The meanings of Sarcum and Sphinx, particularly in light of their respective positioning in the heavens and on the Esneh Zodiac, directly and plainly speak of this joining at and transition between these two constellations. The riddle of the Sphinx, therefore, defines the ordering of the northern constellations―beginning with the woman’s head, symbolizing the figure of the woman in the constellation Virgo, and ending with the body of the lion, symbolizing the constellation Leo. Why does the sphinx of Greek mythology have wings? Because that which was to be joined was in the sky. The Sphinx is the key that reveals to us the true order of the zodiac―pointing to where we are to start and end the northern constellations―joining them at the transition between Virgo and Leo to form the circle of the heavens. Another significant symbolic circle is the representation of Enoch’s time of 365 years before God took him―a discussion from Volume I.




The zodiac inscribed on the ceiling of the Esneh Temple is oblong in form. It is usual in such depictions that the zodiac be divided, each half containing six of the twelve constellations, as shown in the plate, “Esneh Temple Bar Zodiac – View A.” Depicted in the top bar are the constellations of Leo, Cancer, Gemini, Taurus, Aries, and Pisces, and in the bottom half the constellations of Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, and Aquarius. In dynastic Egypt, zodiacs in this oblong or bar presentation were divided at or near the solstices; that is, with the exception of the Athribis zodiacs of the Roman period. The physical division of this Esneh Zodiac would then be at the summer solstice between Virgo and Leo. What then does this unique division of the zodiac at the summer solstice mean?


Temple Bar zodiac

Present Day Solstice and Equinox Positions

The positioning of present day solstice and equinox points, in relation to the constellations, are shown on “Chart 1.”

solstice equinox



With the forward passage of time, their positioning transits the zodiac in a counterclockwise direction at a mean rate of 2,150 years per constellation. Presently, the summer solstice points to Gemini and is moving toward Taurus. The Esneh Zodiac depicts the summer solstice back in time, clockwise from its current position by almost three constellations, as it would have been positioned over 6,090 years ago. At the summer solstice of June 21-22, 4081 B.C.G., the summer solstice being the longest day of the year, the sun rose on the border division between the constellations of Virgo and Leo.